In 2012, 1.1 million children in the Sahel region at risk, according to UNICEF estimates, die from the consequences of severe malnutrition. More than one million children are affected by severe malnutrition in the Sahel. Severe acute malnutrition is the most severe form of malnutrition. It is not only inadequate absorption of food, but a lack of diversity in the diet causes deficiencies in protein, vitamins and micronutrients. Malnutrition is often associated with inappropriate feeding practices, inadequate health services and unsafe water. Often, malnourished children face infections and diseases, in addition to experience delays in growth and development.